Bilston is a town in the English county of West Midlandssituated in the southeastern corner of the City of Wolverhampton. Historically in Staffordshirethree wards of Wolverhampton City Council cover the town: Bilston East and Bilston Northwhich almost entirely comprise parts of the "Bilston staffordshire" Borough of Bilston, and Ettingshall which comprises a part of Bilston and parts of Bilston staffordshire. Bilston was first referred to in AD as Bilsatena when Wolverhampton was granted to Wulfrun  then Bilston staffordshire as Bilsetnatun in the grant charter of St.
Mary's Church now St. Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton. Bilsetnatun can be interpreted as meaning the settlement ton of the folk saetan the ridge bill. Situated two miles southeast of Wolverhampton, it was extensively developed for factories and coal mining. Many houses were constructed in the Bilston area. Between andthe council replaced most of the 19th-century terraced houses with rented modern houses and Bilston staffordshire on developments like Stowlawn, the Lunt and Bunker's Hill.
By there were more than 6, council houses there. In the Borough of Bilston was abolished, with most of its territory incorporated into the County Borough of Wolverhampton see History of West Midlandsalthough parts of Bradley in the east of the town were merged into Walsall borough.
Bilston Town Hall, dating fromhas now been refurbished and re-opened.
Bilston staffordshire had been derelict for more than a decade after Wolverhampton Council discontinued its use as housing offices, but now operates as a venue for
Bilston staffordshire, conferences, performances and occasions.
Bilston lost its passenger railway station Bilston staffordshirealthough goods trains continued to pass through the site of Bilston staffordshire station for a further decade.
The town's new bus station opened in October
Bilston staffordshire, interlinking with the town's Midland Metro station, which opened in May The huge British Steel Corporation plant to the west of the town centre was closed inafter years of steel production at the site, with the loss of nearly 2, jobs.
The GKN steel plant to the south of the town centre closed in Construction of the long-awaited Black Country Route began in the mid s, with the first section being opened in and the second section in Bythe third phase of the route was complete, although the final phase wasn't completed until Julyby which time Bilston had a direct unbroken dual carriageway link with DudleyWalsall and the M5 Motorway.
Christian worship in Bilston can
Bilston staffordshire traced back to the original chapel dating from In the chapel was replaced by St Leonard's Chantry.
And a third renovated church was consecrated in The modern church dates from Bilston staffordshire rebuilding of and is thus the fourth church on the same site. In this respect it resembles many American and German churches and some of the Russian Orthodox Churches.
It is also unusual in having a chamfered square tower, giving it an octagonal appearance, in being surmounted with a cupolaa golden globe with weather vane and a fenced viewing platform. These are all extremely unusual features in English churches. From the middle of the 18th century, Bilston became well known for the craft of enamelling. With the opening of the Birmingham Canal to the west of the town inindustrial activity in the local area increased, with the first blast furnaces near the canal at Vale being erected by Few towns were more dramatically transformed during the Industrial Revolution as Bilston was.
Init was Bilston staffordshire a largely rural area dependent on farming. Byit was a busy town with numerous factories and coalmines, as well as a large number of houses that had been Bilston staffordshire to house the workers and their families.
The Bilston coal mines were reputedly haunted by an evil spirit, so the miners brought in a local exorcist known as The White Rabbit. Six new blast furnaces were erected there between and Five of these were producing a total of nearly 25, tons of steel Bilston staffordshire year at what was now known as Bilston Steel Works.
The first electric powered blast furnaces opened there inand finally in the "Elisabeth" blast furnace was erected, creatingBilston staffordshire of steel per year. However, by the s the steel works had become uneconomic and the Labour government of James Callaghan Bilston staffordshire to close it, with closure taking place on 12 April The iconic "Elisabeth" was demolished on 5 October Local unemployment, which had been steadily rising for some years, was pushed even higher by the plant's closure.
The industry remained prolific during the interwar years, but much Bilston staffordshire the housing was now sub-standard, and during the s and s many of the older houses were cleared and replaced by new council houses that featured so many modern conveniences that were previously unknown to their occupants.
Bilston staffordshire these houses were built on new housing estates previously occupied by coalfields or farmlandthough some were built on the sites of older houses. The council housing revolution in Bilston continued after the Second World War and for some time after the area became part of Wolverhampton in By the end of the s, almost all of the sub-standard housing in Bilston had been cleared, but the area was in the early "Bilston staffordshire" of an
Bilston staffordshire decline which put hundreds "Bilston staffordshire" local people out of work and saw unemployment reach its highest levels in living memory.
Things have improved over the last 20 years with more businesses in the service sector setting up around Bilston, but unemployment is still higher than the local average. Other modern day projects in Bilston include the Black Country Route opened in phases between andthat gave Bilston quick road links to important towns such as Dudley and Walsalland the opening of the Midland Metro tram line inwhich gives a speedy public transport link to Wolverhampton and Birmingham.
John Wilkinson"king of the ironmasters", built a blast furnace in Bilston in He lived and died in BradleyStaffordshire. His body was returned to his hometown of Clifton in Cumberland.
Hugh Walters lived
Bilston staffordshire his life in Bilston. James Fleet born is a British actor. He is most famous for his roles as the bumbling and well-meaning Tom in the British romantic comedy film Four Weddings and a Funeraland the dim-witted Hugo Horton in the BBC situation comedy television series The Vicar of Dibley.
David Dakerborn in Bilston inis a British actor. His best-known are in television. Don Powelldrummer in the band Sladewas born in Bilston. Richard Salter began making the first spring scales in Britain in Bilston in the late s.
Steve WoolamBorn in Bilston Bilston staffordshire and died in was one
Bilston staffordshire the founder members of the Electric Orchestra. Born in Bradley, Bilston in he died in Shifnal in He has a sports centre in his name in. From to there was a railway station in Bilston town centre, but passenger services were then withdrawn and the line via Bilston from Wolverhampton Low Level to Birmingham Snow Hill had been almost completely abandoned within a decade.
The final stub of the railway, connecting a town centre scrapyard with the South Staffordshire Line at Wednesburyclosed inonly to be re-opened seven years later as
Bilston staffordshire first phase of the Midland Metro tram line between Wolverhampton and Birmingham.
There was also a further railway station within the town: With more and more cars on the road, the roads around Bilston town centre became increasingly congested as the twentieth century progressed. It became so severe that, by "Bilston staffordshire" late s, the government had drawn up plans for a new motorway bypassing Bilston and running from the A near Coseley to Junction 10 Bilston staffordshire the M6 motorway at Walsallwhich was scheduled to be completed by However, the plans collapsed and Bilston was condemned to increased congestion, for another decade at least.
The plans for a new dual carriageway were revived in the early s. This time the planners had decided on a slightly different route, which would run much closer to Bilston town centre. The first phase of the road to be known as Black County Route was completed inthough initially running around half a mile east of the A It was extended in to Oxford Street in Bilston town centre. This expansion resulted in a number of buildings being demolished and some roads having to be re-routed while one road Market Street was completely obliterated.
This new road changed the face of Bilston town centre forever. Duringthe final phase of the Black Country Route between Bilston town centre and Junction Bilston staffordshire of the M6 was completed.
This new road has seen a major improvement in the traffic flow around Bilston staffordshire town centre. Bilston is served Bilston staffordshire several bus routes at Bilston staffordshire bus station. The male and female figures depicted are "Bilston staffordshire" on those found in old Victorian photographs of Bilston. The title Steel Columns is Bilston staffordshire reference to Bilston's steel making background and the connection the figures had with this history.
Art and craft works of local significance from the eighteenth century are displayed at Bilston Craft Gallerywhich also has a temporary exhibition space where local art and crafts are often displayed. John Majorprime minister of the UK from tohad family living in nearby Walsall. Manor Primary School, which used to be a secondary school, is sometimes incorrectly believed to be in Bilston, but is actually in Woodcross which is within the Wolverhampton-governed part of Coseley.
Bilston had a Cholera Orphan School which was opened on 3 August following a severe outbreak during the second cholera pandemic —51 which had left orphans in Bilston after the "Bilston staffordshire" of sufferers.
The story was heavily covered by all the local papers, but according to a report in the Windsor and Eton JournalSaturday 11 JanuaryBrandrick was hanged outside Stafford Jail that morning for the murder of John Bagott, a clothier and pawnbroker. Brandrick, 20 at the time, and two friends had got one night, had then broken into Mr Bagott's shop in the early hours, who had been disturbed and investigated.
A fight broke out and the unfortunate Mr Bagott was bludgeoned to death with a metal fire poker. Brandrick's accomplices, Maddocks and Jones, who both pointed the finger at Brandrick, were both also convicted of murder, but reprieved at the last moment, leaving Brandrick alone to hang for the murder.
A large crowd watched "Bilston staffordshire" hanging, and allegedly some people took up places at eight o'clock on Friday night to get a good view. In recent years, Bilston has been the scene of several high-profile crimes, some of which highlight the town's growing problem with knife and gun crime and gang culture. On 30 Septemberthe body of year-old Shane Owoo was recovered from a flooded clay pit near the Lunt estate. Two Wolverhampton men, Christopher Lewis and Marvin Walker, were found guilty of manslaughter on 25 April and sentenced to five and a half years in prison.
The jury at Birmingham Crown Court heard that the pair had frogmarched Shane Owoo
Bilston staffordshire the pool amid allegations that he had stolen a bicycle from one of the defendants. A third man, Tobias Davies, received a month prison sentence for assaulting Shane Awoo, but had not been present when the other two men attacked him and chased him into the pool where he drowned.
Jasbir Singh Takhar, of Coseleyand Sukwinder Singh Sanghera, of West Bromwichwere jailed for life a year later for the murder; it was established that they had been attempting to shoot someone else. The trial judge recommended minimum terms of 29 and 28 years respectively.
Five other people received prison sentences Bilston staffordshire between 21 months and three years for conspiracy to commit violent disorder in connection with the crime, while a sixth person received a three-and-half-year prison sentence for witness intimidation. On 10 Julyyear-old local man Thomas Berry was stabbed in Church Street during a fight between two gangs. He died in Bilston staffordshire the next day. Local man Ricky Shaw, a year-old bodybuilder with convictions for drug dealing and violence, was found guilty of Mr Berry's murder on 25 February and sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum term of 27 years.
He was also found guilty of attempting to murder another man in the fight as well as Bilston staffordshire another and also assaulting his own brother. On 24 Novemberyear-old Lisa Skidmore was raped and murdered and her house set fire to in Mill Croft, Bilston. The town had its Bilston staffordshire parliamentary constituency from untilwhich also included nearby Sedgley and Coseley. However, it was then incorporated into Wolverhampton South East, where it has remained since, and under further boundary reorganisation it could be divided into up to four parliamentary seats, Bilston staffordshire the bulk of the town being divided between two reorganised Wolverhampton seats but smaller parts of the town being absorbed into Dudley and Walsall constituencies.
"Bilston, celebrated for its extensive coal and iron works, is a populous market town and township, in the parish, union, county court district and. Bilston is a town in the English county of West Midlands, situated in the southeastern corner of the City of Wolverhampton. Historically Bilston staffordshire Staffordshire, three. Bilston, a large and populous village, in the parish of Wolverhampton, (but a distinct township for all parochial purposes,) from which "Bilston staffordshire" is distant.